This exhibit explores Black student activism at the University of Maryland, College Park (UMD) in the late 1960s, with a focus on the fall of 1968. October was a seminal month in the history of Black student activism at UMD. The Black Student Union (BSU) formed out of a two-year-old student organization called Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), unaffiliated with the national organization of the same name. The BSU realigned their goals from mere integration to equality and Black student solidarity, reflecting national trends in the Black Power movement. This exhibit centers on several incidents in October 1968: the rejection of appointments of radical Black students to the Committee of Meaningful Integration, the October 12 ice pelting incident at a home football game against the University of North Carolina, and the rejection of four unnamed Black women students from a home economics nutrition study. Collectively, these incidents culminated in a rally on October 22 at the Home Economics building. Mixed responses by students and administrators to Black student-centered controversies demonstrated persistent discrimination on the UMD campus and lack of administrative advocacy for Black students.
This exhibit predominantly uses clippings from issues of the UMD student newspaper, Diamondback, found in the University of Maryland’s Student Newspapers database. The Student Newspapers database is a collaboration between the University Archives and the UMD Libraries’ Digital Systems and Stewardship division to digitize and make accessible student newspapers produced on the College Park campus. The database is available for research and educational purposes. For permission to reprint, reproduce, or make other uses of this material, contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Currently, the Student Newspapers database contains issues of:
The student curators originally intended to incorporate primary source materials from the University Archives and interviews. Without the ability to access archival collections due to pandemic-related closures, the exhibit mostly features digitized content. The digitized content, mostly Diamondback clippings written from a white student perspective, is located on a timeline. The curators intend to contextualize local events in Civil Rights and Black Power movements and illuminate the curatorial process amidst a world health crisis.
This exhibition was curated for a graduate-level museum research seminar by Mateo Arango, Lauren Cain, Wanda Hernández, Kristy Li Puma, Benjamin Shaw, Sarah Wampler, and Alan Wierdak. As a group, they developed a theme, an object list, captions, and from there, designed and installed the digital show. Special thanks to Dr. Quint Gregory for his constant support throughout the course.
Protect UMD, a coalition of [MORE THAN] 25 student organizations at the University of Maryland, sent a letter to administrators on November 17th, 2016 outlining their 64 demands for NEW PROGRAMS, RESOURCES AND INITIATIVES to serve marginalized student populations.
The Diamondback spoke with members of these communities, who discuss the ways each demand could impact life on campus.
Brian Ullmann, a university spokesman who was present at the meeting, sent The Diamondback the following statement Sunday: "At President Loh's request, a group of senior administrators conducted an initial review of the letter submitted by ProtectUMD. Many of the items are already in place and others require additional evaluation. We look forward to working with students, faculty and staff on efforts to advance our strategic plan on diversity and inclusion.”
Below is the list of 64 demands. Scroll through and click on each one to find the accompanying stories.
Signed by: African Students Progressive Action Committee, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Incorporated Theta Nu Chapter, Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Incorporated Iota Zeta Chapter, The American Indian Student Union, Ashley Vasquez, BSOS UMD Senator, Committee on Committees Undergraduate Rep, Bisexuals at Maryland, The Black Student Union, Chi Chapter of Hermandad de Sigma Iota Alpha, Incorporada, The Coalition of Latinx Student Organizations, Community Roots, Eta Beta Chapter of Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority Inc, Ethiopian Eritrean Student Association, Kappa Phi Chapter of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Incorporated, Katherine Swanson, Student Body President, NAACP, University of Maryland, Lambda Theta Alpha Latin Sorority, Inc. Upsilon Chapter, Lambda Theta Phi Latin Fraternity, Inc. Delta Eta Chapter, The Muslim Student Association, True Colors of Maryland, Political Latinxs United for Movement and Action in Society, Preventing Sexual Assault, The Pride Alliance, Students for Justice in Palestine, Student Labor Action Project, Our Revolution
The following university officials declined to comment on specific demands before publication:
University President Wallace Loh, Chief Diversity Officer Kumea Shorter-Gooden, Provost Mary Ann Rankin, Associate Provost and Undergraduate Studies Dean William A. Cohen, University Police spokeswoman Sgt. Rosanne Hoaas, Vice President for Student Affairs Linda Clement, Counseling Center associate director David Petersen, The Clarice spokeswoman Sarah Snyder and College of Arts and Humanities spokeswoman Nicky Everette.
Officials recommended Diamondback reporters speak with the communications office. University spokeswoman Crystal Brown wrote in an email that “there will not be a point by point response to the list of demands, but rather a comprehensive response that addresses the collective group of concerns raised.”
Ellie Silverman, Talia Richman, Mina Haq, Danielle Ohl
Web Development and Design by
Tom Hausman & Diamondback Staff
#ProtectUMD's student-made video listing demands https://twitter.com/pansexualdulce/status/801245650327375872?s=20
Will you #ProtectThisHouse? Watch the video of the students making their commitment here https://twitter.com/BlackTerp/status/798942709578924033?s=20
Protect UMD in the media
Student recount - https://twitter.com/marissaaaxn/status/799337944095932417?s=20
Student recount - https://twitter.com/Mr_Kahleb22/status/799344508664213504?s=20
*Organizers choice Student recount - Kirstyn *
- Today made me so proud to be a minority on this campus. Proud of y'all. Proud to raise our voices. #UMDWALKOUT #protectUMD #proudterp - https://twitter.com/ThatsSo_Kirstyn/status/799391813878644736?s=20
UMD's very own Professor Rayshawn Ray https://twitter.com/SociologistRay/status/800008254562635776?s=20
UMCP Ethiopian-Eritrean Association #ProtectUMD Press Release #FearTheTurtle - https://twitter.com/UMCP_EESA/status/869674024791572480?s=20
Black Terps Matter Organizer Saba Tshibaka's recount of the event
(fun fact: #ProtectUMD happened on her birthday her freshman year!)
(Here is UMD's NAACP recount of the same year - 2016 https://twitter.com/naacpumcp/status/815368062404882433?s=20)
Listen to the call to action - https://twitter.com/H2dcphotog/status/862375278689091589?s=20
Watch this video of their 11/17/2016 Walk-out here or below: https://youtu.be/RNL_jhsdvLI
Pauline Sow created The UMD Black Book her Sophomore year. She is currently a Junior Economics, Government & Politics, and Dance Triple Major with a minor in math. Pauline is a member of the Gemstone Honors Program. She is a BSOS Peer Mentor, BSU Social Action Committee member, a Dean Student Advisory Council member for BSOS, a GVPT Ambassador, and a member of Promoting Achievement and Diversity in Economics. Pauline has just joined S.O.U.L and ASA Programming committees. Her advice to other students is “to keep pushing.” This summer different black orgs and Pauline collaborated to create the Black Book, which is a resource guide for black students on campus!
Find the notes from the event
and here https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Cso1zfF4QsQU_f4zZNobtP8hYk5VawPsH0PqkmF05r8/edit?usp=sharing
MSCAC is an organization founded at UMD that includes students from universities across the state of Maryland. Our primary goal is to enact statewide legislation to reach carbon neutrality on all Maryland public campuses. Through a combination of campus and state-level advocacy tactics and education, we are fighting for environmental justice right in our own backyards. Our efforts to keep carbon offsets within the local ecosystem and economy are part of a larger push to make Maryland a leader in climate action, with our universities leading the charge.
7/25 Teach-In @ Mckeldin
Teach-In Reference Document: *for use during event/after
Link to Logistics for Teach-in event:
Take survey on UMD’s Response to COVID-19 (and be redirected to reslife to file a formal complaint)
ACTION Plan #1 - Before the semester starts!
President Darryl Pines stated “tone it down because it’s unnecessary” right before this he said “we should move onto other substantial questions” during town hall with Nyumburu + BFSA 8/25/2020
President Darryl Pines talks about BTM Organizer Saba during townhall with Nyumburu + BFSA 8/25/2020
Saba’s follow-up clarification to Pines’ remark and explanation about why it is so important that the president is constantly meeting with student activists during town hall with Nyumburu + BFSA 8/25/2020
This Nyumburu + BFSA 8/11/2020 Town Hall featured Black Lives Matter Los Angeles Organizer and Activist, La Mikia Castillo. This dynamic town hall addresses various aspects of Police Terrorism and how to organize to change the system.
BFSA/Nyumburu Town Hall Series (Black Lives Matter Need to Matter on Campus)
Note about UMD Building named after a racist during Nyumburu + BFSA 8/11/2020 Town Hall
Find more information on the emails BTM has sent to UMD’s administration here.
Pines to Teach ‘Grand Challenges’ Course - https://today.umd.edu/articles/pines-teach-grand-challenges-course-adadb3b4-12b7-48a7-a0fb-018a636f1837
9 Things you probably didn’t know about President Pines (terp.umd.edu)
1st SGA GBM recap
Black Terps Matter is not organizing to go to the event as a group, but we encourage all interested parties to be as safe as possible, both against the coronavirus and while educating themselves about The Commitment we’re looking to make in the upcoming months. As mentioned earlier in the document, we have individual members that plan on attending the outdoor event (while wearing masks the entire time) and will be live-streaming to easily spread the message throughout the UMD community.
View our Instagram highlight with our recount of the event here.
The Commitment March in Washington DC is being convened by Reverend Al Sharpton and Martin Luther King, III.
This intergenerational day of action will demonstrate our commitment to fighting for policing and criminal justice. The Commitment March will take place on August 28th, 2020 - the 57th anniversary of the historical March on Washington, where Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.